Acne is a common affection that appears between ages of 13 and 20 in some cases it extends until 25 even 30. There are different contributors to acne: cosmetics, pollution, bacterial, hormouns. Bacterial acne is mainly caused by the presence of acne bacterial together with other idiosyncratic skin parameter that feed the bacteria creating the final hated spots. In this post you will learn how the bacterial acne is produced inside your skin, which are the biological causes, what feeds the acne bacteria. You will also find some tips to reduce the likelihood of spots in a bacterial acne skin pro as well as bacteria killing treatment list.
The noticeable effect of an skin with acne are the spots: ugly, disgusting, annoying and depending on many other parameters of your skin, every spot can leave a scar on your face. But spots are just the iceberg top. Spots are bacterial infection happening inside the hair follicle migrating to the surface skin through the skin pores. Sebaceous glands are constantly generating sebum that is let out thought the skin pores together with the hairs. The infection starts to happen when the pore gets clogged; the sebum and the hair get trapped inside the skin. The acne bacteria infects the sebum and the amount of infected sebum is stored inside the follicle because it cannot let out through the pore. The inflammation process of the nearby skin areas starts, then the read spots start to highlight on your skin and in one and two days, the infection cannot be contain inside the follicle anymore and it unclogs the pore creating the well known acne spots.
In short, acne spots are caused when a pore gets clogged. The sebaceous glands keeps segregating sebum that gets infected by the acne bacteria inside the hair and after few days the spot is caused.
Bacterial acne contributors, treatments and killers
Hopefully, once understood the acne generation process, the reader has led by himself to a very basic conclusions of the causes, and therefore, an initial idea about how to minimise the acne appearance: Dead skin cells clogging pores, Sebaceous glands and Acne Bacteria.
Attending to the skin biology, any skin holds many no harming bacterias, meanwhile people affected by acne, hold an extra bacteria called Propionibacteria. In very basic words, acne bacteria level on your skin depends on oxygen and nutrients supply but also ph level of your skin. If your skin has a high PH, therefore is very alkaline, the bacteria will never be reduced and it will be growing time by time.
From the cosmetic perspective, you need to always keep in mind that you have microscopics inhabitants on your skin that you want them to disappear or at least, minimise their growth:
– Use antibacterial moistures and cleaning.
– Never scrub your face because that expands the infections to not infected pores. Exfoliation products have to be in mouse
From the medical perspective, there are many treatments that kill the bacteria from the inside, they are very aggressive, but also very effective, so if you really want to avoid your acne by the medical approach, visit your dermatologist.
Laser and light techniques are advancing very fast and also there are already proven treatments that reduce and almost kill acne bacteria presence in your skin by using pulse light. I personally prefer this treatments because they are less invasive compared to the medical ones and they have also very good results. You can check my experience with this treatments in my previous post.
Sebaceous gland activity control
Since acne is the consequence of the amount of sebum enclosed in the follicle that is infected, it is pretty clear that by reducing the amount of sebum that your glands produce, you can actually reduce the likelihood to have infections. Bad news here…sebaceous glands activity is purely hormonal, the true killer for this bacterial acne contributor must be applied under medical control because it your cell, the one that needs to learn to produce less sebum. I recommend the read of this article of the Prof Thody Aj form the University of Newcastle upon Tyn.
Staying on the bright, there are many cosmetics products specially developed for oily skin that control as much as possible the amount of sebum on the upper layers on your skin. Be careful, you cannot abuse this products, because, again, are your hormones exciting your sebaceous glands the ones that decide how much sebum your skin needs. If you remove constantly the sebum on your skin, your glands will produce more, therefore you will achieve the opposite result: having more sebum, therefore, extra feeding the acne bacteria. So, golden rule, use always oil free products either in cosmetics and make up.
Dead skin cells clogging pores
Similar that happens with the sebum segregation, you need to reduce the likelihood to have a pore clogged. It is simple: keep out from your skin any dirtiness that might clog your pores: wash your skin with antibacterial skin in the morning and also before going to sleep. Use antibacterial mask once per week after using a not scrubbing exfoliant process. Do not use blush without foundation. Keep your skin hydrated, remember it is not the same oil than hydration.